The Monument to the Great Fire of London

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The Monument to the Great Fire of London

What you'll do

Enjoy fantastic views of the city at the top of The Monument to the Great Fire of London while learning about a pivotal moment in the city’s history. 

Visit The Monument to the Great Fire of London with The London Pass® 

  • Take in sweeping panoramic views of the city.
  • Discover how the city reshaped itself after the devastating Great Fire of London. 

Designed by Sir Christopher Wren (architect of the 51 city structures, including the iconic St. Paul's Cathedral), The Monument was built to commemorate the Great Fire of London and is one of the best views of London while learning about an important moment in London's history. 

Standing 202 feet high and 202 feet from the spot on Pudding Lane where the great fire is thought to have started, The Monument to the Great Fire of London is the tallest isolated stone column in the world. All visitors who climb the 311 steps are awarded a certificate to prove that they made it to the top.


History of the Great Fire of London: Why The Monument Was Built

The Monument in London commemorates one of the most significant events in the city’s history - the Great Fire of London. When the fire spread from Thomas Farynor’s bakery at 2 am on Sunday 2nd September 1666, more than 86% of London was razed to the ground and 130,000 people lost their homes in what was later called the Great Fire of London. 

It had been a dry summer. This combined with the fact that most London homes at that time were made of wood and built close together with overhanging upper floors meant that the fire that started at Farynor’s bakery would move quickly and be difficult to stop. Strong eastern winds fanned the flames, carrying embers across the city.

With no organized firefighting measures in place, the city residents fled to the river where they bundled their possessions onto boats or ventured to fields outside London where they set up makeshift shelters. Buckets of water, primitive water squirts, and basic fire hooks were the only tools available to try to tame the raging firestorm that leaped between houses.

The Lord Mayor Sir Thomas Bloodworth was slow to react and downplayed the seriousness of the fire at first. After sweeping through the city center on a path of destruction for nearly four days, the fire finally died out when the winds changed direction and drove the flames into previously burnt-out areas.

Over 13,000 houses, 87 parish churches, St. Paul’s Cathedral, and most of the buildings of the City of London were destroyed in the blaze. However, amazingly only 16 people were known to have died.

After the fire, Sir Christopher Wren was appointed surveyor to plan the rebuilding of the city. Reconstruction began immediately, with new buildings made of brick and stone rather than wood. Wren also submitted designs for rebuilding the destroyed St. Paul’s Cathedral.

The Monument commemorates this devastating but defining event in London's history. Over 230,000 visitors climb The Monument's 311 spiral steps each year to take in the sweeping panorama of London, once scorched, since risen from the ashes. Dr. Robert Hooke and Christopher Wren joined forces to create the Monument, which took six years to complete. It opened to the public in 1677.

What The London Pass® Offers for The Monument Visit

The London Pass® provides great value and benefits for visiting The Monument, including:

  • Free entry to The Monument, saving you the £6 adult ticket price
  • Free printable tour guide
  • Access to over 80 more top London attractions and tours
  • Flexible 1 to 10 day pass options to suit your schedule
  • Up to 55% savings compared to individual sightseeing tickets
  • Hassle-free, priority sightseeing with transport discounts and more

The London Pass® is the easiest way to visit The Monument and experience London sightseeing in an affordable and efficient way. Book your pass today!

The Monument highlights in London

  • Discover an exceptional view of the city from the top of the London monument.
  • Learn about The Monument and the Great Fire of London it represents.
  • Take part in the events and enjoy interactive elements hosted at the London attraction.

The Monument facts

  • The Monument is the oldest ticketed attraction in London and attracts around 230,000 visitors who come each year to tackle its 311-step spiral staircase and take in the panorama at the top. 
  • The viewing platform is situated 160 feet (48.7 metres) above ground level, providing views across the city devastated by the Great Fire of London.
  • The Monument stands on a plaza where Monument Street and Fish Street Hill meet in the City of London. The location of The Monument is very deliberate.
  • It is erected on the site where St. Margaret’s, Fish Street once stood. St. Margaret’s was the first church to be destroyed during the Great Fire of London.
  • It is also just 202 feet (61 metres) from the baker’s house on Pudding Lane where the Great Fire started. 

Know before you go

Getting in: present your pass at the main entrance.


For more information, please visit The Monument to the Great Fire of London website.

The Monument to the Great Fire of London ticket help

Simply ask our help team if you have any questions.

Where you'll be

Operating hours

Daily: 09:30 - 13:00  (last admission 12:30) and 14:00-18:00 (last admission 17:30) 

Closings & holidays

July 4, 2023.  

The Monument to the Great Fire of London

020 7766 7302

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Free cancellation

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